The word logic is derived from a Greek word “Logos” meaning study reason or discourse. Thinking logically means having justification for every possible reason for every step or decision you will make. Logical decision making is done the basis of facts with suitable reasoning rather than emotions. It is the process of making strategies with logic and executing them on the based plan. It is a process of being smart and thinking creatively. You should justify your thoughts with logic and enlighten your team. You should justify the strategies, actions, and decisions based on the facts you gather. The logic can help you to get a better understanding of any problem or situation. The logic is the science and art of correct thinking. The reasoning is thinking, speaking about something in rational and logical ways. It involves thinking and a thorough analysis of the problem. Logical thinking focuses on the improvement in the analytical skills. Analytical skill helps to do a thorough analysis of any problem or situation.
Deductive reasoning is a crucial phase of the Logical thinking process. Now the question in your mind is what is deductive reasoning? Well, the answer is pretty simple.
Deductive reasoning involves a thought process in which general principles guide individuals as they analyze specific phenomenon or take specific action. Simply it can be said that follow a rulebook for any circumstances.
One example of deductive reasoning is ‘Human Resources have identified public speaking skills as an important qualifier for a particular position. They decide to require candidates to make an oral presentation on a predetermined topic as a part of their second interview.’
Management is committed to professional development for staff members and mandates that a formal professional development plan is incorporated into all performance reviews.
Inductive reasoning is looking for a pattern or a trend and then generalizing it. When you generalize and extrapolate the information, you don’t know for sure if this trend will continue, but you assume it will. You, therefore, don’t know for sure that a conclusion based on inductive reasoning will be 100% true.
Abductive reasoning is the third form of logical reasoning and is somewhat similar to inductive reasoning. It was first introduced by the term “guessing” since conclusions are drawn here are based on probabilities. In abductive reasoning, it is presumed that the most plausible conclusion is also the correct one.
Unlike deductive and inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning is not commonly used for psychometric testing.
The logical thinking process involves taking the important ideas, facts, and conclusions involved in a problem and arranging them in a chain-like progression that takes on a meaning in and of it. To think logically is to think in steps. And justify your every step.
These points can come in handy to have a better understanding of Logical Thinking:
- It is a branch of philosophy that concern analysis of interference and arguments.
- It is the use and study of valid reasoning.
- A proper reasonable way of understanding something.
- An interference involves forming a conclusion that is based on evidence
- An argument consists of a conclusion and its supporting evidence.
Logical thinking is a process that involves moving from one related statement or thought to another. The purpose of logic is:
- To attain clarity in our thoughts and validity in our process of interference.
- Distinguish between good and bad reasoning and between correct and incorrect arguments.
- To attain truth and validity in reasoning.
“To a great mind, nothing is little” By Sherlock Holmes.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle has mentioned in his book picturing the character Sherlock Holmes a flawless logical thinker.
What are the benefits of being logical?
The answer is quite useful. The following points will support my answer:
- Supports the use of reasoning and power of the mind.
- Helps to make them more dependable
- We learn how to defend judgments with proper justification.
- Using logic we bring our intellectual capacities to maturity and fruitfulness
- And we learn to distinguish between good and bad arguments.
You must never lose touch with your inner stillness. To be sound and logical Eckhart Tolle said “When you lose touch with your inner stillness, you lose touch within yourself you lose in the world. Your innermost sense of self, of who you are is inseparable from stillness. I am that is deeper than your name and form.”
Training in logical thinking encourages learners to think for themselves, to question hypotheses, to develop alternative hypotheses, and to test those hypotheses against known facts. That is how you decide what logically right solution is. You should consider all the aspects before you execute your plan. Comparing hypotheses or assumptions with the actual fact needs logical understanding.
It has been proven that specific training in logical thinking processes can make people “smarter.” Logical thinking allows a child to reject quick answers, such as “I don’t know,” or “this is too difficult,” by empowering them to involve deeper into their thinking processes and understand better the methods used to arrive at a solution and even the solution itself.