Ruby is an object-oriented programming language. It is a dynamic and open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity and has elegant syntax that is natural to read and easy to write. Ruby also has a core class library with a rich & powerful API. It is inspired by other low level and object-oriented programming languages like Lisp, Smalltalk, and Perl and uses syntax that is easy for C and Java programmers to learn.
Ruby is designed to be simple, complete, extensible and portable. Developed mostly on Linux, ruby works across most platforms, such as most UNIX-based platforms, DOS, Windows, Macintosh, BeOS, and OS/2. Ruby is simple syntax and makes it readable by anyone who is familiar with any modern programming language.
History of Ruby???
Ruby developed by Yukihiro Matsumoto. He has said that Ruby was conceived in 1993. In a 1999 post to the ruby-talk mailing list, he describes some of his early ideas about the language.
Matsumoto describes the design of Ruby as being like a simple Lisp language at its core, with an object system like that of Smalltalk, blocks inspired by higher-order functions, and practical utility like that of Perl.
The name “Ruby” originated during an online chat session between Matsumoto and Keiju Ishitsuka on February 24, 1993, before any code had been written for the language. Initially, two names were proposed coral and “Ruby”. Matsumoto chose the latter in a later e-mail to Ishitsuka. Matsumoto later noted a factor in choosing the name “Ruby”. It was the birthstone of one of his colleagues.
Ruby was designed to streamline the tasks typically involved in programming for the web, i.e dynamically generating web pages, accessing databases and retrieving information from the web server and the users browser. The general purpose nature of ruby makes sit suitable for a wide range of programming called tasks just like Perl, Python & other general purpose languages. The key features of ruby focus on developer happiness ease to use, making it a good language for those just learning to program and for those to get more done with less code. It is pervasive object-oriented features also make it very intuitive.
Future of Ruby
Here is some reason that makes it important for you to start implementing Ruby:
Feature-filled language:- It is quite impressive, combining some really great features of all dynamic languages, taking ideas from the best, strongly-typed as well as static languages to blend them into an object-oriented paradigm to get maximum things done without writing a huge amount of code. The code is less but better-structured which makes editing, reusing, experimentation as well as iteration quite easy.
Open source:- This language is open source; not only that, the community around it, is helpful as well as thriving. The language itself is great with a really idealistic user experience, which makes it attractive to be used by new developers.
Code-based data model:- For Ruby on Rails, data model has to be defined with code. After the creation of initial data model, changes must be made with the help of scripts to manipulate the model.
Well documented:- The language is extremely well documented. The web contains a huge number of resources like high quality, effective and fun to follow video tutorials which are available both for pay as well as free. These are better than many books. There are huge support groups as well as communities which can help you in case you are facing some kind of problem.
Tool options:- The system is relatively simple with a good amount of IDEs for development. Additionally, the ecosystem of ruby has plenty of excellent tools which fulfill almost any need that they arise in the minds of a developer; on top of that most of those tools are open source or free. So this is a good place to work if you want an ecosystem that boasts of topflight tools support.
Rapid development model:- Convention and not configuration is what decides the development model of Ruby on Rails. This simply means that once you have learned to do things in the way that the language expects you to do, then many heavy lifting will be done by it on your behalf. Your work will be very quick, especially in case of many kinds of development tasks.
Advantages over PHP:- There are a number of advantages to using this platform instead of PHP. One of them is that developers do not simply like using it anymore; their impatience, as well as frustration, has grown with the language. PHP is very easy to use with lax rules which make it easy for youre to write bad codes. In fact, in case of alterations, additions or catching of random bugs, correcting everything becomes time-consuming as well as expensive.